Mesothelioma definition: Malignant mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer. Often caused by asbestos inhalation and affects protective lining around lungs, abdomen or heart.

More than 3000 cases of mesothelioma are annually reported in US and majority of these cases is due to asbestos exposure. And this is the main reason why asbestos use in the country has significantly dropped over the years.

Types of Mesothelioma:Mesothelioma is often categorized into three different types, based on the affected organ.

  • Pleural mesothelioma (develops in lungs)
  • Peritoneal mesothelioma (in abdomen)
  • Pericardial mesothelioma (develops in heart)

Pleural Mesothelioma:

Pleural mesothelioma is the most common type of this rare disease. More than 70 percent reported cases of mesothelioma are related to this type.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma:

The second most common type. It accounts for 20-25% of mesothelioma cases.

Pericardial Mesothelioma:

It is the rarest form of mesothelioma and accounts for only 5-10 percent of all mesothelioma cases.

Symptoms Of Mesothelioma:

Each type of mesothelioma has different symptoms associated with it. Here are one of the most mainstream symptoms of this malignant disease.

What Are The Symptoms Of Pleural Mesothelioma?

Following are the symptoms that may indicate pleural mesothelioma:

chest-pain-mesothelioma

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • Dry cough
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Night sweats

What Are The Symptoms Of Peritoneal Mesothelioma?

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Blood Clots
  • Fatigue Fever or Sweating
  • Tissue Lumps in the Abdomen
  • Anemia
  • Fluid Buildup (As-cites)
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Bowel Problem
  • Abdominal Swelling

What Are The Symptoms Of Pericardial Mesothelioma?

Here are the symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma:

  • Irregular heartbeat Chest pain
  • Night sweats
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Murmurs
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

The symptoms are quite mainstream and can be associated with any minor disease. This is why most cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed when the tumor has sadly spread to other organs of the body.

Mesothelioma Treatment

How Asbestos Causes Cancer?

Microscopic particles of asbestos have the ability to be airborne for longer periods of time and can be ingested by anyone – either by coughing, swallowing or inhaling. However, not everyone exposed to asbestos catches the disease. The major cause is the constant exposure to the harmful mineral.

People who are mostly affected are plumbers, electrician and workers on construction sites.

Once these fibers are inhaled, they travel mostly into lungs and abdominal linings and get lodged, causing genetic damage to the tissues. As the damage grows, it turns into a tumor and takes the form of cancer.

All this process takes several years before our body finally manages to show any signs of disease. Usually the period is between 10-40 years, and this is the reason why most mesothelioma victims are aged over 50.

Mesothelioma Treatment Options:

Treatment of malignant mesothelioma is often based around surgery and chemotherapy. However, these techniques are only useful if the cancer is caught on early stages.

Late detection of the tumor leads towards palliative treatment: a treatment where the focus is on relieving the pain, instead of curing the cancer as it has already gone out of control.